The main topic is concerned with the fall of several troublesome empires after World War 1. The war was a global war originating in Europe. It began with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. He was heir to throne of Austria-Hungary and his death was considered the immediate cause of WW1. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, while it is also considered a contributory factor in a number of genocides and the 1918 influenza epidemic, which caused between 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by grueling trench warfare. The conflict lasted four years, three months and 14 days, ending on November 11, 1918.
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